Maceira Dão Monastery

Mangualde

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Description

In 1173, former physician Soeiro Teodoniz founded a monastery near the left bank of the Dão River, of which he was the first abbot. King D. Afonso Henriques fixed, in a document, the limits of the land and placed the community (which followed the rule of S. Benedict) under his protection. The friars quickly adopted the Cistercian rule (ca1188) placing themselves under the monastery of Alcobaça.

The building should have been modest because practically nothing remains of that time — except the base of a seigniorial tower, probably preexistent and meanwhile much altered.

It was during the seventeenth century that the actual monastery was built. The new post- tridentine structure was intended to face East, since the monastic vestibule (preceded by a short set of stairs) faces that direction. However, important subsequent changes were made - the most relevant of which was the construction of the current oval church (in the eighteenth century) and the total reversal of the monastery’s orientation.

To the east of the monastery appears the small chapel of Our Lady of the Head, built during the second half of the eighteenth century.

The property is currently privately owned and the monastery is virtually abandoned.

Produced Material

A new survey was carried out and conjectural reconstitutions of the different monastic phases were elaborated. The work of the students sought to register the probable alterations suffered over time:

a) The hypothetical original medieval tower;

b) The monastery built in the early seventeenth century (around the new cloister and entrance from the East, in 1613-1628). The parallel construction of a seventeenth-century church (to substitute a previous medieval temple) was probably not accomplished but was surely programmed (the analysis of the recent PhD thesis of Ana Maria Tavares Martins, Cistercian Monasteries in the Beiras Region, provided a model in the church of the neighboring Monastery of S. Pedro das Águias);

c) Later alterations to the building, including the construction of a second monastic façade along the kitchen area, to the West (ca 1669);

d) The assumption of a new orientation for the whole facility, with the construction of the current elliptical plan church in 1744-1779 facing the Dão valley to the West (a clearly Baroque attitude of control over the territory).

The medieval phase of the convent was skipped over in the evolution scheme due to the lack of historical elements.

Photographic Record

Students photographic record  ·  2015
Students photographic record  ·  2015
Students photographic record  ·  2015
Students photographic record  ·  2015
Students photographic record  ·  2015
Students photographic record  ·  2015
Students photographic record  ·  2015
Students photographic record  ·  2015
Students photographic record  ·  2015
Students photographic record  ·  2015
Students photographic record  ·  2015
Students photographic record  ·  2015
Students photographic record  ·  2015
Students photographic record  ·  2015
Students photographic record  ·  2015

Survey Drawings

Plan of the complex
Plan of the monastery
West elevation
North elevation
South elevation
East elevation
Perspective section
Perspective sections
3D model of the pillar
3D model of the pinnacle
Chapel of Nossa Senhora da Cabeça - west elevation
Chapel of Nossa Senhora da Cabeça - North elevation
Chapel of Nossa Senhora da Cabeça - East elevation
Chapel of Nossa Senhora da Cabeça - South elevation

Interpretation Drawings

Situation in the 12th century: the original tower
3D model of the 16th / 17th century church in relation to the hypothetical cloister
Situation in 1628 (plus church, probably not built)
Situation in 1669 (with second monastic façade facing West; plus church, probably not built)
Situation in 1779 (with the completed Baroque church, facing West)
Interpretation sequence of the monastery

Bibliography

  • ALVES, Alexandre – O Real Mosteiro de Santa Maria de Maceira Dão. Mangualde, Câmara Municipal, 1992
  • MARTINS, Ana Maria Tavares – Os Mosteiros Cisterciences na Região da Beiras: um percurso entre a arquitetura e a história.Viseu, Quartzo Editora, 2012
  • SALVADOR, Ana Isabel Pais – Estudo de reconversão do Real Mosteiro de Santa Maria de Maceira Dão em Pousada. Coimbra, dissertação de mestrado integrado em Arquitetura (FCTUC), 2009
  • SILVA, Valentim da – Concelho de Mangualde: antigo concelho de Azurara da Beira. Mangualde, Câmara Municipal, 2008
  • SIPA | DGPC

Credits

Professors

Rui Lobo  ·  Cátia Marques


Students

Ana Pais  ·  André Sousa  ·  Eva Paiva  ·  Inês Pinheiro  ·  João Mendes  ·  Marco Costa

2014/2015 

Related

Igreja e Convento da GraçaMosteiro de Santa CruzIgreja e Mosteiro de São Marcos